National Committee on Medical Research Ethics (TUKIJA) was set up on 1 October 2010.

Previously, TUKIJA operated for 11 years as the Sub-Committee on Medical Ethics of The National Advisory Board on Health Care Ethics.

TUKIJA's operations are primarily based on the Finnish Medical Research Act (No 488/1999) and the associated decrees.

During the term of 12 October 2018 - 11 October 2022, TUKIJA's Chairman is MD, PhD Erkki Palva and the deputy Chairmen are MD Miia Turpeinen and MD Heikki Tikkanen.